ANALGESIC: Acting to relieve pain.
ANTIBACTERIAL: Anything that destroys bacteria or suppresses their growth or their ability to reproduce. NOTE: Natural antibacterials do not destroy beneficial bacteria.
ANTI-FUNGAL: Used to prevent fungal growth; active against fungi.
ANTI-INFLAMMATORY: Anti-inflammatories reduce inflammation and swelling.
ANTIMICROBIAL: Kills or stops the growth of microorganisms.
ANTIOXIDANT: Antioxidants inhibit oxidation which may damage cells. Antioxidants slow this deterioration, helping to keep cells healthy, delay skin aging, and minimize damage from UV rays.
ANTISEPTIC: Antimicrobial substances applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction.
ANTIVIRAL: Effective against viruses.
ASTRINGENT: Causing the contraction of skin cells and other body tissues.
CICATRISANT: Skin-healing, wound healing or cell regenerative.
DEPURATIVE: Herbs that are considered to have purifying and detoxifying effects.
DEMULCENT: Relieving inflammation or irritation.
NaOH / SODIUM HYDROXIDE / LYE / CAUSTIC SODA: A compound with a high basic pH, sodium hydroxide is made by the electrolysis (passing an electric current through a solution) of sodium chloride (table salt) to produce sodium hydroxide and chlorine gas. Sodium hydroxide bonds to plant oils during the soap making process creating a chemical reaction called saponification. Following this reaction ALL NaOH molecules have attached themselves to fat molecules. Therefore NO sodium hydroxide is ever in a finished bar of soap. BUT WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? I compare it to eggs in a cake. It’s not advisable to eat raw eggs, but once these eggs have been added to a cake, and the cake making process is complete, the eggs are perfectly safe.
SAPONIFICATION: The process that involves conversion of fat or oil into soap by the action of heat in the presence of NaOH.
VULNERARY: Used in the healing of wounds.